Senior Fellows

Senior fellows are appointed and selected based on their collaboration with I3h. They provide support to I3h activities which include the educational program, seminars and various research projects.

Antonio Estache
Antonio Estache is a member of the European Center for Advanced Research of Economics (ECARES). He retired as a professor of economics at the Université libre de Bruxelles where he taught between 2008 and 2022. He also advises governments and international organizations on public services regulation, privatization, environmental regulation, public sector management and tax reforms. Prior to that, he spent 25 years at the World Bank (1982–2007) working on various dimensions of public sector reform, procurement, financing, regulation and project evaluation. He has published extensively in those fields (
Georges Siotis
Georges Siotis is Associate Professor of Economics at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid and Research Fellow at Centre for Economic Policy Research. Georges earned his Masters of Advanced European Studies from the College of Europe (Bruges) and his Ph.D. from the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ECARES). He teaches Competition Policy (undergraduate) and Empirical Industrial Organization (graduate). His current research focuses on competitive dynamics in the pharmaceutical industry. He has written numerous papers on competition policy and industrial organization published in peer-reviewed academic journals. He joined the I3h Institute as Senior Fellow on June 1st, 2023 thanks to his collaboration with our team on our research project on Rare Diseases.
Gani Aldashev
Gani Aldashev is Professor of Economics at the Université libre de Bruxelles and research fellow at the European Center for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics (ECARES). He received B.A. in International Economics from the American University of Paris, and M.A. and Ph.D. in Economics from Bocconi University (Milan).

His main research and teaching fields are development economics, political economics, and economic history. His main research expertise concerns decentralized development aid (in particular, the economics and organization of the NGO sector), the role of traditional institutions in development, as well as the political economics of public health policies.

He has published in international journals such as Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, Journal of the European Economic Association, Economic Journal, Journal of Development Economics, Journal of Economic History, and Journal of Public Economics. He is a full member of the European Development Network (EUDN), associate member of Theoretical Research in Development Economics (ThReD) Network, and a founding member of the Nonprofits, Governments, Organizations (N.G.O.) Research Network.

Sofia Amaral-Garcia
Sofia Amaral-Garcia is a research fellow at i3health. She obtained her PhD in Law & Economics from the European Doctorate in Law & Economics (University of Bologna and Erasmus University of Rotterdam). Before joining i3health she held research positions at ETH Zurich, New York University, DIW Berlin and Hasselt University. She is an external affiliate of the Health Econometrics and Data Group (York University) and affiliated with KU Leuven.

Sofia’s research focuses on empirical health economics and law & economics. More specifically, part of her research assesses how incentives might impact physicians’ behaviour. For instance, how malpractice pressure might impact types of treatments provided by physicians, or whether interactions between physicians and medical device industry might affect treatments. Another line of research assesses how technologies such as the internet might change the relationship between health care providers and patients. Currently, Sofia is also working on projects related to rare diseases.

Antoine Bondue
Professor Antoine Bondue received his medical degree from the “Université Libre de Bruxelles” (Belgium) in 2001. During his fellowship in cardiology, he studied the molecular mechanisms governing early cardiovascular development in the laboratory of Cédric Blanpain (Interdisciplinary Research Institute – Free University of Brussels – ULB, Brussels) from 2005 to 2012. He acquired his PhD degree in 2009, and performed a postdoctoral fellowship thereafter supported by the Belgian FRS/FNRS. His works addressed the role of the early mesodermal transcription factor Mesp1 as a key regulator of cardiovascular progenitor specification, and characterized the cellular and molecular hierarchy acting during the initial steps of cardiovascular development. By this work Professor Antoine Bondue acquired an expertise in cardiovascular development and in stem cell biology.

As a cardiologist, he further worked in clinical cardiovascular genetics, and run a medical activity centered on cardiovascular genetics within the Centre for Human Genetics of the Free University of Brussels (ULB, Brussels). Professor Antoine Bondue is the head of the Department of Cardiology of the Erasme Hospital in Brussels (ULB, Brussels). His main research interests are now focused on congenital heart disease, cardiovascular genetics and pulmonary hypertension. He is the current president of the Belgian Working Group on Adult Congenital Heart Disease (Belgian Society of Cardiology), and is a fellow of the European Society of Cardiology.

Giovanni Briganti
Giovanni Briganti est médecin de l’Université libre de Bruxelles, docteur en sciences médicales de l’Université de Mons, et master de spécialisation en gestion totale de la qualité de la Faculté Polytechnique de l’Université de Mons. Après avoir effectué un mandat de recherche à Harvard, Giovanni Briganti a accepté des postes académiques dans trois universités francophones. Il est chargé de cours aux facultés de médecine l’Université de Mons et à l’Université de Liège, et maître de conférence à la faculté de médecine de l’Université libre de Bruxelles. Spécialiste de l’Intelligence Artificielle en santé (thème de ses travaux de doctorat), Giovanni Briganti a pris la coordination du groupe de travail fédéral AI4Health au sein d’AI4Belgium, et coordonne de nombreux projets de recherche et innovation en matière d’intelligence artificielle et santé digitale. À l’Université de Mons, il est titulaire de la Chaire IA et Médecine Digitale, offrant les premiers cours obligatoires au monde d’IA dans le cursus de médecine.
Ruben Casado Arroyo
Ruben Casado Arroyo, MD, PhD, MSc is professor and the director of the Cardiac Electrophysiology Laboratory CUB Hopital Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles.

Prof Casado Arroyo areas of special interest are cardiac arrhythmias (atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, atrial tachycardia, ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, Brugada syndrome, Long QT); computer methods in cardiovascular image processing, computational knowledge discovery, artificial intelligence, intelligent data analysis, bio-signal processing, signal modelling, predictive models development, e-health and mobile applications, and communications within and between hospitals.

He obtained his PhD at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel under the supervision of Prof Pedro Brugada. He also holds a master in Health Economics, Policy and Management (London School of Economics) and he’s developing some research projects in the field of cardiovascular diseases and cost-effectiveness evaluation.

The innovative work of Prof Casado Arroyo’s multidisciplinary team has been focused on the design and selection of personalized cardiovascular treatments based on the analysis and characterization of each patient’s heart rhythm disturbance. The final objective is to improve cardiovascular outcomes and quality of life of patients.

He is a fellow of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and currently he is nucleus member of the ESC, secretary of the working group on e-cardiology.

Thomas Demuynck
Thomas Demuynck has a Phd in Economics from Ghent University (2008). He held a Postdoc position at the K.U.Leuven from 2009 until 2013 and held a position at Maastricht University from 2013 until 2016. Currently, he is Chargé de Cours at the Université Libre de Bruxelles at the Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management (SBS-EM). He is also a member of the European Center for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics (ECARES), a member of the Group for the Advancement of Revealed Preference (GARP) and a co-PI for the EOS funded research project: “Individual Welfare Analysis based on Behavioral Economics” (IWABE).

His main research involves applying revealed preference theory to various models of individual and joint decision making.
He has published around 30 papers in international journals, including American Economic Review, Review of Economics and Statistics, American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, Journal of Economic Theory, Journal of Mathematical Economics, International Economic Review, Economic Journal, Journal of Econometrics, European Economic Review, Journal of the European Economic Association, Journal of Development Economics, Mathematical Social Sciences, Operations Research and Theory and Decision.

Bruno Flamion
Bruno Flamion, MD/PhD, holds a medical degree from the University of Brussels, with a specialization in Internal Medicine. His main activity, since 2016, is Senior Vice-President, Head of Strategic Development at Idorsia Pharmaceuticals, an innovative biotech company located close to Basel, Switzerland, where he takes an active part in the development and regulatory approval of several novel chemical compounds in different fields (insomnia, resistant hypertension, systemic lupus erythematosus, etc.).

Bruno has been Professor of Physiology and Clinical Pharmacology at the University of Namur, Belgium since 1996. He headed the Laboratory of Physiology and Pharmacology of that university for twenty years (1996-2016), focusing his research on the kidney interstitial matrix and especially hyaluronan, a long unbranched polymer involved in inflammatory conditions and cancer. Before that, he was Research Associate at the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA (1988-1992), and at the Belgian National Fund for Scientific Research (1992-1996).

Bruno also worked part-time for and at the European Medicines Agency, London, UK, for 12 years (2000-2012), representing Belgium in different committees including the Committee for Human Medicinal Products, and the Scientific Advice Working Party which he chaired for 6 years. In Belgium, he chaired the Committee for Reimbursement of Medicines for 3 years (2010-2012). Bruno is convinced the needs of researchers, industry, regulatory agencies, social security systems and patients can be fulfilled in parallel.

Victor Ginsburgh
Victor Ginsburgh obtained his PhD in Economics at ULB. He was professor at ULB where he thought mainly economic topics, but also financial and cost accounting. He became emeritus in 2004 but remains a research fellow at ECARES (which he joined in 2000 and co-directed from 2002 to 2009). He has also been Faculty member at CORE, Université catholique de Louvain since 1972. He was invited as visiting researcher/professor at Yale University, University of Chicago, University of Virginia, University of Louvain, Université de Liège, as well as in Marseille, Paris, Strasbourg and Alexandria (Egypt).

He is the author or coauthor of over 200 papers on topics in applied and theoretical economics, including industrial organization, general equilibrium analysis and the economics of scientific publishing. His more recent interests are the economics of languages, as well as art history and philosophy, and wine economics. He has published 60 papers on these topics, some of which appeared in American Economic Review, Journal of Political Economy, Games and Economic Behavior, Journal of Economic Perspectives, European Economic Review, Economic Journal, and the Journal of the European Economic Association.

He also has papers in the Journal of Development Economics, Journal of Mathematical Economics, Journal of Economic Theory, International Economic Review, Econometrica, Mathematical Programming, and Operations Research Letters, among others. He wrote and edited 15 books (among which The Structure of Applied General Equilibrium Models (MIT Press, 1997, with M. Keyzer) and How Many Languages Do We Need (Princeton University Press, 2011, with S. Weber).

He is coeditor of the two volumes of the Handbook of the Economics of Art and Culture (Elsevier-North Holland, 2006 and 2013, with D. Throsby) and of the Handbook of Economics and Language (Palgrave, 2016, with S. Weber).

Pietro Ghezzi
Professor Pietro Ghezzi has a PhD in Pharmacology from the Mario Negri Institute in Milano and a Post-graduate Certificate in Higher Education at the University of Sussex.

From 1991 to 2008 he was the Head of the Laboratory of Neuroimmunology, Istituto Mario Negri (Milano) and from 1998 to 2000 he was Research Associate at Stanford University School of Medicine, in the laboratory of the late Len Herzenberg. In 2008 he joined Brighton and Sussex Medical School as Chair in Experimental Medicine, and is now Director of Doctoral Studies.

Pietro is an immunologiest who worked extensively on inflammatory cytokines. His current interest is on the redox regulation of inflammation and the definition of biomarkers of oxidative stress.

Although his main interest is as a biochemical immunologist, Pietro is also teaching information literacy and health information quality to medical students. He published several studies where he analyzes the information on-line to study the public understanding of science and the ethical problems associated with the publication of health news.

Paula Gobbi
Paula Gobbi is Assistant Professor of Economics at Université Libre de Bruxelles. She is also affiliated with ECARES and is a research fellow at CEPR. She holds a PhD in Economics from the Université catholique de Louvain. During her PhD, she visited Northwestern University during the winter of 2002. She was also a post-doctoral researcher at the Paris School of Economics and an FNRS research fellow between 2013 and 2017.

Her research fields are family economics, development and economic growth with a particular interest on the links between economics and the demography. She has published in international journals such as Canadian Journal of Economics, Journal of Development Economics, Journal of Demographic Economics and Journal of Population Economics.

An important contribution of hers is “Fertility and childlessness in the United States” (American Economic Review, 2015, with Thomas Baudin and David de la Croix) where she looks at the economic reasons of childlessness.

Lynda Grine
Lynda Grine is a doctor-assistant at the Ghent University and a senior researcher at the Ghent University Hospital.
She obtained her Master degree in Biochemistry and Biotechnology at the Ghent University in 2010. She always had
a strong interest in skin biology, for which she moved to Denmark to complete her Master thesis at the Biotech
Research and Innovation Centre (University of Copenhagen). Afterwards, she successfully applied for a competitive
grant to pursue a doctoral degree at the Flemish Institute for Biotechnology. Her PhD shed light on the paradoxical
side effects of TNF-antagonists, and the impact of the gut in a topical skin model.

In 2015, she started working as a postdoctoral scientist in the group of Professor Jo Lambert at the Ghent University
Hospital, broadening her research to clinical and translational science. More precisely, she investigates candidate
biomarkers (clinical response to biologicals, comorbidities, therapeutic drug monitoring), the landscape of patient-
targeted educational interventions (supported by the European Academy of Dermatology Venereology) and is the
co-lead of a Belgian project to define ‘treat-to-target’ for psoriasis. In addition, she has written Dutch and English
patient leaflets on psoriasis, which have been published through the Flemish Psoriasis League and European
Academy of Dermatology Venereology.

Dermatology is clearly at the forefront of her scientific passions. She believes that the main challenges in
dermatology need to be tackled in a multidisciplinary approach; and thus requires multidisciplinary teams. Her goal
is to contribute to today’s and tomorrow’s excellence in dermatology. Dr Grine has (co-) authored and peer-
reviewed publications in several journals in the field of dermatology, clinic and molecular inflammation.
Furthermore, she is a member of the European Society for Dermatological Research, who selected her in the top 25
of the Future Leaders in Dermatology in 2018.

Michel Hanset
Michel Hanset, MD, is a general practitioner with keen interests in the treatment of elderly people with neurodegenerative conditions and in health economics. He is senior lecturer at ULB where he gives courses on general practice and pharmacotherapy to medical students.

Michel Hanset also serves as coordinator of several long term care institutions and is a member of Farmaka, a non-profit organization dedicated to healthcare education.

Denis Herbaux
After finishing his PhD in Microeconomic Theory (2009), Denis Herbaux was hired by the largest French speaking hospital association in Belgium as Economic Advisor. He first worked on various projects, mainly around financing and organization of hospitals, before moving to “Quality oriented projects”. Denis was at the origin of PAQS initiative that brings together all relevant stakeholders (healthcare institutions associations, funders, authorities, physicians, nurses, patients) in Brussels and Wallonia to improve Quality and Safety. His main research interests are Patient Safety, Organizational and learning culture, Health systems, Integrated systems. Denis is also active in the French Speaking Community of Practice at the International Society of Quality in Healthcare, acting as coordinator.
Samia Laokri
Samia Laokri holds a PhD in the field of global health economics. She is currently serving as an assistant professor at the school of public health of the Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium and is adjunct assistant professor at Tulane University, USA. She graduated in economics and then specialized in pharmaco-economics and public health. As a doctoral researcher, she developed a novel protocol to assess the cost of illness from the user’s perspective. Later, she completed her expertise in health economics as a postdoctoral Hoover fellow from the Belgian American Educational Foundation at Tulane University, USA.

Driven by a keen interest in interdisciplinary, she joined the I³h senior fellowship program of the Institute for Interdisciplinary Innovation in healthcare. Her research interests involve health equity and, social and financial protection measurements. She endorses a multidimensional approach to analyze health financing for the development of sustainable health systems. Throughout her academic career, she authored several publications on health system and policy performance and collaborated internationally. For instance, removing user fees for a defined care package may fail at reaching the desired outcomes when not applied with system thinking.
Among others, three publications reflected on the effect of system complexity on health care. A publication in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization (2013) revealed high incidence of catastrophic health expenditure within a free-of-charge disease control strategy. A care pathway analysis study in Plos One (2014) highlighted the direct costs and critical stages to tackle for improved health. Likewise, collaborative practices and evidence informed policy opportunities for effective care coverage were explored in Frontiers Medicine (2017).

Access to health for all stands at the heart of her research, technical assistance, mentorship, training and teaching activities.

Patrick Legros
Patrick Legros holds a doctorate in economics from Paris University and a Ph.D. in social sciences from the California Institute of Technology. He is a Professor of Economics at the Université Libre de Bruxelles and Distinguished Professor of Economics at Northeastern University; He is a fellow of ECARES and of CEPR. He is currently the managing editor of the JOIE and is a member of the European Advisory Group on Competition Policy at the European Commission’s DG Competition.

His research interests are in applied microeconomics, with an emphasis on contract theory, industrial organization and information economics. His current research benefits from the financial support of the ERC.

His work has been published in Econometrica, Quarterly Journal of Economics, American Economic Review, Review of Economic Studies, Journal of the European Economic Association, Review of Economics and Statistics, American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, Journal of International Economics, Journal of Economic Theory, Games and Economic Behavior, Rand Journal of Economics, International Journal of Industrial Organization and Journal of Industrial Economics, among others.

Alain Le Moine
Alain Le Moine, MD, PhD is the head of the nephrology department at the Erasme Hospital, Université libre de Bruxelles. After a training in nephrology at the Erasme and Necker hospital (Pr J.P Grünfeld), he did his PhD in immunology of allograft rejection with Prs. M. Goldman and D. Abramowicz. Next, he joined the laboratory of Pr H. Waldmann in Oxford University for a postdoctoral stay abroad, working on allograft tolerance and regulatory mechanisms. He got a position of research associate at the National Fund for Scientific Research (FNRS) working on regulation of T-cells, inflammation and alloreactivity with a small research team of young enthusiastic MD PhD students at the Institute for Medical Immunology, ULB. In 2008, he joined the clinical team of nephrology at Erasme hospital still continuing some research activities the IMI-ULB.

He is now president of the French Society of Transplantation. He also teaches bioethics and deontology and gives some lectures of immunology at the faculty of Medicine (ULB).

Joëlle Nortier
Joëlle L. Nortier completed her PhD in experimental nephrology from the Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium in 1997. As a nephrologist and researcher, she aims to develop translational projects in relation with natural and synthetic nephrotoxic agents (in vitro and in vivo models) as well as strategies of renal protection. She has published more than 100 papers in reputed peer-reviewed journals.

She is currently teaching pharmacology at the Faculty of Medicine, ULB, Brussels, Belgium. In this matter, she is involved in the implementation of patient partnership in teaching but also in clinical nephrology practice.

Roland Pochet
Roland Pochet holds a PhD in biochemistry from Université libre de Bruxelles. He is honorary Professor of cell biology at the Faculty of Medicine (ULB) and a neuroscientist whose main topic is stem cell transplantation on a rat model for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. He spent 2 years a the Hebrew University of Jerusalem as an EMBO predoctoral fellow (1975-1076), in 1984 was a Nato fellow at Vanderbilt Univesity, Nasshville.

He is currently a member of the executive committee of the Belgian Brain Council. He was chairman (2002-1010) of the Biomedicine Domain of the international organisation COST, evaluator for the European Commission of FP7 Regpot (Regional potential) projects.

Furthermore, he is a member of EDAB (European Dana Alliance for the Brain) and sits on the board of the Bureau Europe Grand Est. in Brussels.

Bruno van Pottelsberghe
Bruno van Pottelsberghe is Full Professor at the Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management (SBS-EM), at Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB) and, as holder of the Solvay S.A. Chair of Innovation, teaches courses on the economics and management of innovation and intellectual property.

His research focuses on patent systems, the valuation of patents, and science and technology policies, and has been published in several international scientific journals, including Research Policy, Journal of Public Economics, Review of Economics and Statistics, and Industrial and Corporate Change. The research projects he works on are mostly applied and frequently inspired by his professional experience: papers on academic patenting and technology transfer offices by his chairmanship of the ULB’s Technology Transfer Committee (since 2004); papers on patent systems by his Chief Economist position at the European Patent Office in Munich (2005-2007); papers on the effectiveness of science and technology policies by his experience at the OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (DSTI) in Paris (1997-1999).

His work on international and interindustry R&D spillovers was ignited by his visiting research position at the Research Institute of the Ministry of External Trade and Industry Research Institute (METI/RI) in Tokyo in 1995. Bruno van Pottelsberghe held Visiting Professor/Researcher positions at Columbia University (NYC, 1996), Stellenbosch University (Cape Town, 2003), Hitotsubashi University (Tokyo, 2003). He was Dean of SBS-EM (April 2011 – September 2017) and, in this capacity, initiated and chairs the QTEM Master network (Quantitative Techniques for Economics and Management), a global network of universities focusing on such analytical techniques.

Philip Verwimp
Philip Verwimp is a Professor of Development Economics at Université libre de Bruxelles and a Fellow of ECARES. He holds BA, MA and MSc degrees in Economics and Sociology from the universities of Antwerp, Leuven and Göttingen. He obtained his PhD in Economics in 2003 from KU Leuven where his doctoral work was supervised by prof. Stefan Dercon and prof. Lode Berlage.

Philip specialized in the economic causes and consequences of conflict at the micro-level. He has done quantitative work on the death toll of the genocide and on the demography of post genocide Rwanda. In 2004 he received the Jacques Rozenberg Award from the Auschwitz Foundation for his dissertation. He spent 1,5 years at Yale University, first during his PhD as a Fellow of the Belgian-American Educational Foundation and then as a post-doc with a Fulbright-Hays Scholarship. He is the co-founder and co-director of the Households in Conflict Network ( Philip joined ULB in 2010 as the holder of the Marie and Alain Philippson Chair in Sustainable Human Development at the Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management.

He is engaged in longitudinal studies of health, schooling and nutrition as well as impact evaluation in developing countries. His work has been published in the American Economic Review, the Journal of Human Resources, Economic Development and Cultural Change, the Journal of Development Economics, among others.